Monday, March 21, 2011

Detecting Character Encoding of a Text File in ColdFusion

Recently I needed to detect the character encoding of text files (these file were uploaded by end-users) using ColdFusion. Since character encodings cannot be detected (the character encoding is defined by the creator of the file) it boiled down to guesstimating the char encoding. Did some research and found a great Java object called "juniversalchardet" - this is based on the encoding detection library of Mozilla. You can download the library from

ColdFusion code:
<cfscript> detector = createObject( "java", "org.mozilla.universalchardet.UniversalDetector").init(JavaCast("null", "")); myfile = FileOpen("C:\inetpub\wwwroot\MMBranches\EPNU\Web\TestStuff\doc_unicode4.txt" ,"readBinary");
while (! FileIsEOF(myfile) && !detector.isDone()) { // continue the loop if the end of file has not reached x = FileRead(myfile, 1); // read 1 kb binary data detector.handleData(x, 0, 1); // process this binary data.. } detector.dataEnd(); WriteOutput(detector.getDetectedCharset()); </cfscript>


Tuesday, March 15, 2011

IIS: Multiple SSL sites on single IP address

I recently had to set up multiple sites on IIS with SSL and using just a single IP address.  This is pretty straight forward with non-SSL sites - you just specify a different host header for each of the sites. But with SSL, this wont work by default. You have 2 options:
1. specify a different port number for SSL for each of the sits. The disadvantage is that your users will have to access the sites as: (if SSL was set up on 445)
2. The other option is to run a script that comes with IIS to enable SSL to work with host-headers. Here's how:
  • Set up wildcard domain on server (IIS)
  • Add certificate to site.
  • Add SSL site on port 443.
  • Run foll. script in command prompt:
    cscript.exe adsutil.vbs set /w3svc//SecureBindings ":443:"
    Eg: cscript adsutil.vbs set /w3svc/844934796/SecureBindings ""

How to get siteid: In IIS, go to site properties, edit log location, this should show the site id in the LogFile name path. Eg: if the log path is W3SVC234234/exyymmdd.log; here "234234" is the siteid.

Location of adsutil.vbs: